Does Music Make You Smarter?

Maybe you’ve heard about the research results from a few years ago, claiming that listening to music could raise your IQ by 10 points.

Or perhaps you’ve seen the research that kids who study music in school did better in everything else they studied.

Maybe you know someone who has a kid in school, who’s doing everything – band, orchestra, drama, forensics, AP classes in science, math, and English.

These phenomenal results all have one thing in common – the kids that are doing better are studying music.

In 1996, the College Entrance Exam Board studied all the students taking their SAT exam, and discovered that when a student was an active musician (singing or studying an instrument), they scored 51 points higher on the verbal portion of the SAT, and averaged 39 points higher in math!

The renowned Bulgarian psychologist Dr. Georgi Lazanov has developed a method to teach foreign languages while using Classical music as a background that has produced amazing results. 

Students (who were also studying music)  learning a foreign language using his methods are achieving rates of 1,000 new words or phrases learned in one day, with a 92% retention rate!

And the effect (called the Mozart effect), is also being used in training and industrial applications for adults – DuPont, for instance, has used music recorded at about 60 beats per minute in a department where its use cut training time in half, doubling the number of workers trained.

Was Einstein smart? He was also a musician, starting at age 6, when his mother, an experienced musician, began teaching him the violin.

Einstein himself said, “Life without playing music is inconceivable to me. I live my daydreams in music. I see my life in terms of music… I get most joy in life out of music.”

A 2014 study by Boston Children’s Hospital found a correlation between early musical training and executive function in both children and adults.   “Executive functions (EF) are described as high-level cognitive processes that enable people to quickly process and retain information, regulate their behaviors, make good choices, solve problems, plan and adjust to changing mental demands. Another component of EF is having cognitive flexibility as represented by the ability to adjust to novel or changing tasks on demand.” (Christopher Bergland, Psychology Today, blog posted June 25, 2014).

On the other end of the developmental scale, music is astronomically important to the efforts of therapists in reaching autism-spectrum children and adults (see Nordoff-Robbins Music Therapy,  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ZFTUroy4dhI).

Other points of view also exist, for instance, a Harvard study from 2013, which concludes that there’s no substantive proof that music does in fact make us smarter.

“More than 80 percent of American adults think that music improves children’s grades or intelligence,” said Samuel Mehr, a Harvard Graduate School of Education doctoral student working in the lab of psychology professor Elizabeth Spelke, in a statement. “Even in the scientific community, there’s a general belief that music is important for these extrinsic reasons – but there is very little evidence supporting the idea that music classes enhance children’s cognitive development.” (healthland.time.com, blog post by Alexandra Sifferlin, Dec. 11, 2013.)

This particular study did not specifically investigate whether instrumental or vocal music lessons at a young age had any effect on intelligence.

Many who have studied musical instrument performance can tell you how they have learned better hand-eye coordination, fine motor skills, better social interaction, and the joys of learning how to work as a group toward a common goal.

Musicians and philosophers throughout the centuries have made their ideas bout music clear.  First, the non-musicians:

  • “Life is for the living.
    Death is for the dead.
    Let life be like music.
    And death a note unsaid.”
    Langston Hughes, The Collected Poems
  • “Music is the shorthand of emotion.” Leo Tolstoy
  • “Musical training is a more potent instrument than any other, because rhythm and harmony find their way into the inward places of the soul.”Plato, The Republic

 

 

 

Of the professional musicians, there are even more ideas about music:

  • “Musicians own music because music owns them.”  –  Virgil Thompson
  • “All musicians are subconsciously mathemeticians.”  –  Thelonius Monk
  • “The hardest thing with musicians is getting them not to play.”  –  Prince
  • “The bottom line is that musicians love to make music and always will.”  –  Jennifer Lopez
  • “The beautiful thing about learning is that no one can take it from you.”  –  B. B. King
  • “I call architecture frozen music.”  –  Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • “I became a set designer for opera. I’m a great opera buff,  I love classical music, and I needed a time out.”  –  Maurice Sendak
  • “Musicians from the beginning of time have been there to express the mood and the musical feelings in the air for whatever is going on in that particular culture. It’s the greatest joy of a musician to translate that, be part of something and watch the scenery around you.”  –  Trey Anastasio

Clearly, music is a huge part of all cultures, and it exerts great power over all of us individually, and as societies.  Whether the early study of it makes us smarter or not, it’s very important to recognize that many people are very affected by it, that societies and cultures can be changed by it, and that enjoyment and participation can be life-changing.

 

Should you need sheet music to help make you or someone else smarter, here’s a link

 

 

We welcome your comments!

 

 

 

 

 

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8 thoughts on “Does Music Make You Smarter?”

  1. This is a great article on an important subject. I have two young kids. I’m hoping that the school systems continue to put an emphasis on the arts, especially music. It seems like a lot of the arts programs are being reduced or cut. If more people understood the significance of learing music, like you pointed out in this article, maybe they would expand those programs.

    1. Hi, Ryan, and thanks for your interest! The performing arts, music in particular, are good for the mind, and especially when the exposure is at an early age. When more folks speak up in support of keeping music in the schools, the better it will be for kids and later, society at large. I pray your children benefit from early exposure to music. I appreciate you taking the time to comment!

  2. In my home country, studying music is considered a luxury so we don’t usually associate it with intelligence. It’s more like a status.

    However, when I stayed in Japan for a year, I found that many students took up music classes as hobbies or after school activities. It was very obvious that music was almost like a second language to them and I noticed that kids with this background are more analytical and observant. Somewhat, it feels like they are smarter that way.

    1. Hi, Cathy, and thanks for your interest! I’m always interested in the ways that different cultures view music, and so was very alert to your perspective. You seem to be very observant yourself, as you have commented on music from your personal experience of two different cultures. I agree with you, that studying music at a young age does have a major influence on children, and that we very often perceive that as an increase in intelligence.

  3. Hey,
    Music is life! I do feel like music makes us smarter though. Maybe it is because of the instruments. It is hard to describe what all goes on to make the effect so great. I listen to music everyday. There is nothing like riding around listening to your favorite songs. Thanks for all the information. I actually learned some more stuff about music here.

    1. Hi, Kendrick, and thanks for your interest! I agree, music creates strong feelings in us, and is really the soundtrack of our lives. Go listen to some tunes!

  4. Hi Bobby!

    Music is amazing, I don’t know what I would do without it in my life.

    It actually makes you smarter, you can say that! There’s been many proofs that music triggers certain zones of our brains and boosts up our intelligence.

    Thank you for sharing with us so many amazing stories about something so beautiful like music. 🙂

    1. Hi, Israel, and thanks for your interest! I certainly share your opinion that music, and studying it closely, does make you smarter. I’m interested in how it affects the central nervous system, as it affects me deeply, just as it does many other people. Music is something we all share at some level, and I’m glad you and I are part of it!

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